The suboccipitals are a group or four muscles that attach to the transverse and spinous process of C1 and C2 and the occipital bone.
These muscles provide extension side bending and rotation movements between the occiput and C1 and C2. These muscles are often overloaded due to postural strain. A classic example being sitting in front of a computer all day.
When these muscles are overloaded trigger points can develop. Pain and symptoms of trigger points in the suboccipitals include head pain that penetrates into the skull but is difficult to localize.
Patients are likely to describe the pain as “all over” including the occiput, eye and forehead, but without any clarity. Trigger points in these muscles are often associated with tension head aches