Hammer toe is a progressive condition that usually affects one of the three toes in the middle of the foot. The toe gradually bends back on itself and this causes a hammer-like deformity.
As the condition progresses, the joint becomes less mobile and the tendons shorten, making the toe stiff. A callus or corn on the top of the flexed toe may also develop.
Wearing shoes that are too small can trigger or worsen the condition. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetes can also cause hammer toes.
Treatment of Hammer Toe consists of Class IV Laser Therapy, management of any biomechanics stresses in the area and exercise rehabilitation to address any weaknesses that can be putting undue stress on the area.