Hallux valgus is defined as a deformity that occurs at the base of the big toe, which deviates towards the other toes.
This condition, commonly called a bunion, is often associated with joint stiffness. It usually causes pain and in some cases an alteration of the normal biomechanics of walking.
Wearing narrow, pointy shoes, such as high heels, can cause this condition to develop over time.
Also, a limitation of the extension of the ankle is often compensated by a walk with rotation of the foot towards the outside. This induces lateral pressure on the big toe which, over time, can contribute to the appearance of hallux valgus. Structural foot abnormalities such as flat feet or increased hallux length can also contribute.
Treatment of bunions consists of Class IV Laser Therapy, management of any biomechanics stresses in the area and exercise rehabilitation to address any weaknesses that can be putting undue stress on the area. In a worst case scenario, surgery is often considered but only after all conservative options have been exhausted.