One of the most common sources of headache pain is trigger points in the neck muscles. These muscles are often overloaded from poor posture such as sitting in front of a computer or looking down at you phone for long periods of time. Trigger points that form in the upper traps are the most common trigger points in the body. They refer pain up the neck, behind the ear into the temple. The suboccipital muscles refer pain deep into the skull behind the eye. Sternocleidomastoid trigger points will refer pain to the top of the head and around the orbit of the eye. Trigger points need to be manually released to be resolved.
The gluteus medius muscle is located in the hip. It is a major pelvic stabilizer during walking and running. It is also a main abductor of the hip. Trigger points in this muscle will refer pain deep into the sacrum and s.i. joints. Pain will also be refered into the buttock as well as into the low back along the belt line.
Sensitive areas of tight muscle fibers can form in your muscles after injuries or overuse. These sensitive areas are called trigger points. A trigger point in a muscle can cause strain and pain throughout the muscle. When this pain persists and worsens, doctors call it myofascial pain syndrome.
Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic pain disorder. In this condition, pressure on sensitive points in your muscles (trigger points) causes pain in the muscle and sometimes in seemingly unrelated parts of your body. This is called referred pain.
This syndrome typically occurs after a muscle has been contracted repetitively. This can be caused by repetitive motions used in jobs or hobbies or by stress-related muscle tension.
the quadratus lumborum muscle or “q.l.” Is a muscle located in your lower back. It originates on the iliac crest and iliolumbar ligament, and interns onto the last rib and transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae. This muscle functions to stabilize the lumbar spine as well as laterally flex the spine. It will also hike the hip. Acting bilaterally it will extend the lumbar spine. Trigger points will often develop in this muscle. Trigger point referral will produce pain in the S.I. Joint and the lateral hip as well as the buttock. The pain referred into the S.I. Joint is often misdiagnosed as S.I. Joint dysfunction.
Myofascial trigger points are contracted knots of muscle tissue. They result from overload stress, and are one of the most prevelent injuries to muscle tissue. They are also one of the most common sources of pain in the body. Headaches are one type of pain that trigger points frequently cause. A number of muscles can cause pain to refer into the head and temples. One of the more common offenders is the sternocleidomastoid muscle. This muscle is often overworked from poor neck posture, and the trigger points that can form will refer pain into the head, temple, and around the eye. Trigger points don’t release on their own, a manual therapy like trigger point massage is required to treat the area and relieve symptoms.