Patellar bursitis is the irritation of the bursa in the front of the knee, just below the kneecap. It is covered by the patellar tendon that connects the kneecap to the tibia.
Sports and activities that require the quadriceps muscles to be repeatedly contracted or stretched while running, hiking, or any other extended activity can cause irritation of the bursa and sometimes inflammation. Patellar bursitis may also occur as a result of trauma directly to the knee.
Patellar bursitis can produce, but is not limited to, pain in the front of the knee, localized edema due to swelling of the bursa and reduced mobility in the knee. Symptoms are usually worse while running, walking on a sloping surface, climbing and descending stairs, and squatting.
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